Battle of Jutland - 31st May 1916
Battle of Jutland, the Naval Battle which took place on the west coast of Jutland, was fought in the North Sea between the 31st May and the 1st of June 1916. The British Fleet consisted of Admiral Jellicoe's fleet of 28 Dreadnaught battleships and 3 battle cruisers and Admiral Beatty's force of 6 battle cruisers and 4 fast battleships and the German main fleet consisted of 16 Dreadnaught Battleships and 6 pre dreadnaught battleships, 11 Light Cruisers and 72 destroyers.
The Germans had planned to sail from
the Baltic to the north sea with the plan to engage the British Battle Cruisers
in Norwegian waters, but due to German radio messages being intercepted by the
British, the British Grand Fleet were alerted.
The British Grand Fleet had been virtually unopposed for nearly a century but now there was a challenger to the throne; the German Navy. Although smaller, it had caught up fast, and by the time of Jutland, had some telling advantages over the British Fleet. The plan for the battle was to lure the British Grand Fleet into a lethal trap in German waters. In the event although desperately fought by both sides, the battle was a stale mate, with the confused conflict hampered on both sides by bad luck, bad weather and poor communications. At the end of the battle, both sides claimed victory, the Royal Navy had suffered higher losses in men and ships, but the German Fleet would never venture out of harbour to seek battle again.
The Battle of Jutland proved to be the last capital ship big fleet battle of the twentieth century.
British Battleships and Cruisers at The Battle of Jutland:
1st Battle Squadron. HMS Iron Duke (Flagship), HMS Agincourt, HMS Colossus, HMS Hercules, HMS Marlborough, HMS Neptune, HMS Revenge, HMS St. Vincent.
2nd Battle Squadron. HMS King George V, HMS Ajax, HMS Centurion, HMS Conqueror, HMS Erin, HMS Monarch, HMS Orion, HMS Thunderer.
4th Battle Squadron, HMS Royal Oak, HMS Bellerophon, HMS Benbow, HMS Canada, HMS Superb, HMS Temeraire, HMS Vanguard
5th battle Squadron, HMS Valiant, HMS Barham, HMS Malaya, HMS Warspite
1st Battle-Cruiser Squadron, HMS Lion (Flagship), HMS Princess Royal, HMS Queen Mary (Sunk) HMS Tiger
2nd battle-Cruiser Squadron. HMS Indefatigable (Sunk) HMS New Zealand,
3rd battle-Cruiser Squadron, HMS Indomitable, HMS Inflexible, HMS Invincible (Sunk)
1sr Cruiser Squadron, HMS Black Prince (Sunk), HMS Defence (Sunk) HMS Duke of Edinburgh, HMS Warrior (Sunk)
2nd Cruiser Squadron, HMS Cochrane, HMS Hampshire, HMS Minotaur, HMS Shannon,
Light Cruisers. Active, Bellona, Birmingham, Birkenhead, Boadicea, Calliope, Canturbury, Caroline, Castor, Champion, Chester, Comus, Constance, Cordelia, Dublin, Falmouth, Fearless, Galatea, Gloucester, Inconstant, Nottingham, Phaeton, Royalist, Southampton, Yarmouth
7 destroyers were lost from the Flotillas, of 1st, 4th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th , and 13th Flotillas.
1st battle Squadron. Friedrich der Grosse (Flagship) Heligoland, Nassau, Oldenburg, Ostfriesland, Posen, Rheinland, Thuringen, Westfalen.
2nd Battle Squadron, Deutschland, Hannover, Hessen Pommern (sunk), Schlesen, Schleswig-Holstein
3rd Battle Squadron, Konig, Grosser Kurfurst, Kaiser, Kaiserin, Kronprince William, Markgraf, Prinzregent Luitpold
Battle-Cruiser Squadron. Derflinger, Lutzow (sunk) Moltke, Seydlitz, Von der Tan.
Light Cruisers, Elbing (Sunk) Frankfurt, Frauenlob (sunk), Hamburg, Muenchen, Pillau, Regensburg, Rostock (sunk) Stettin, Stuttgart, Wiesbaden (Sunk)
2 Destroyers were lost from the 1st,2,d,3rd,5th,6th,7th and 9th Flotillas
HMS Iron Duke
HMS Royal Oak
HMS King George V
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